Some authors make a difference between real and false asthma, which is only a way of classification.
The MN-IT recognizes following types:
- 1. The Exhalation difficulty = lower airways
Due to a constriction of the bronchi, a part of the air volume remains trapped in the alveoli.
Therefore it can hardly be exhaled completely.
This results in a faster superficial breathing pattern. In severe cases you can see a mounted chest, fixated in the in the inhalation position, often accompanied by a wheezing sound and a slimy cough.
- 2.The Inhalation difficulty = upper airways
Because of a spasm of the pharynx patients get difficulties with breathing in.
Often accompanied by a wheezing sound, dry braking cough, congested nose, allergies,…
- 3. Combination of both:
the worse the blockades, the more (over) exciting of nerve fibers to all regions of the breathing system and the worse a patient will breath. (sometimes, but luckily less frequent with fatal consequences).